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Last week I was lucky enough to complete an adventure at the top of my bucket list – mountain gorilla tracking in Rwanda.

It’s not the inaccessible trip that you might imagine to be – rather a four-hour flight to Kigali from Joburg on RwandAir (which has air hostesses who look like models and the best airplane tea ever), and then a three-hour drive through chocolate-coloured hills to the Volcanoes National Park in the northwest of the country. The park forms part of the Virunga Mountains, a chain of active and inactive volcanoes, which span Rwanda, Uganda and the DRC, and, together with the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda, around 40 km away, is the only habitat on earth where mountain gorillas (Gorilla berengei berengei) live.

To see the mountain gorillas, you need to buy a permit in advance of your visit from the Rwanda Tourism Board. Permits currently cost $750USD a person, and are set to go up to $1000 a person in 2014, and allow you to spend  an hour with a gorilla group.

There are 10 gorillas groups ranging in size from less than 10 individuals to over 40 open to tourists (the remaining seven are observerd only by researchers) on the Rwandan side of the park. Each  gorilla group is only exposed to a maximum of tourists for one hour each day. That means that less than 100 people get permits each day. (Note that no children under the age of 15 can go gorilla tracking).

Gorilla tracking Rwanda

On the day of your gorilla tracking, you meet at the Volcanoes National Park headquarters at around 7am and enjoy a traditional Intore dance performance while sipping much-needed coffee. Then you get assigned your gorilla group and a guide, based on your fitness level. You can opt for a short hike (which can range from 30 minutes to an hour), a medium one (anything from one hour to three hours) or a long one to the large Susa group, which can take the whole day. Your guide will be in contact with trackers in the park who know pretty much where each gorilla group is – so each morning they have a good idea of all the gorillas’ whereabouts.

At the beginning of our gorilla tracking adventure in Rwanda



You then head off into the park with your guide, ready to have what will probably be the most amazing wildlife experience of your life.

To make the most of the ultimate bucket list adventure of gorilla tracking, here are my 10 tips:


1. Be realistic about your fitness level

Rwanda’s already at a high altitude (around 1500 metres about sea level) , and you can hike up to over 3000 metres on steep paths. Be realistic about what you’re able to do. Hikes to the gorilla groups can take anything from half an hour one way to 10 hours. You’ll be placed in a group for the gorilla tracking based on the length of hike you’d like to do – so don’t choose the longest hike if you only exercise once a year, as you’ll slow everyone else down. If you are fit, and can handle hiking at a high altitude then opt for a longer hike – gorillas aside, it’s amazing just to be in the Central African rainforest, amongst moss-covered Hagenia trees, thickets of ferns and dense vegetation in a million shades of green.


Gorilla tracking Rwanda

2. Do research on gorilla groups before you go

It’s possible to request to see a particular gorilla group (depending on whether you are fit enough to do the hike to get to it). Do research on the gorilla groups in Rwanda and decide if there’s a specific one you’d like to see – for example, a group that’s just had babies.


3. Hire a porter to go gorilla tracking

Near the entrance to the park will be a group of porters. Not only will they carry your bag for you and give you a walking stick (which is really helpful in slippery bits) but they also help you up and down slippery, steep parts of the hike. Even if you don’t mind carrying your own bag, and don’t need help, it’s a good idea to take a porter – most of them are ex-poachers who now make a living from gorilla tourism, so by paying one $10 to carry your bag, you’re supporting both the local community and gorilla conservation.

How to dress for gorilla tracking in Rwanda

4. What to wear

The rainforest is full of horrible stinging nettles. It hurts to get stung. Protect yourself by bringing a pair of thick gloves (gardening gloves would be perfect), wearing knee-high hiking gaters, a long-sleeved lightweight shirt and wearing fairly thick pants (although it is quite warm so don’t wear your thermals). In terms of other clothes, you can hike in a pair of running shoes but a comfortable pair of hiking boots (preferably with a high ankle to protect from nettles) would be perfect. It often rains (it is a rainforest, after all) so bring a light rainjacket with a hood. Only take essentials in a small backpack – two bottles of water, maybe a snack if you’re a hungry hiker, camera, hat and sunscreen.

Trying to avoid being stung by nettles with no gloves


5. What camera to bring

If possible, you should bring three camera bodies with three different lenses – I would recommend a zoom lens, wide angle and an in-between lens or a fixed focal length lens. The gorillas move around, and it’s tricky to change lenses while they’re moving so having different camera bodies is ideal. If you’re more a point-and-shoot-type then make sure your camera is fully charged, and bring extra memory cards just in case!


6. Try and shoot video

You’ll be desperate to get great pics of the gorillas to show friends back home how close you came to these amazing animals. But think about shooting video too. It’s fairly easy video to shoot – you’re close to the gorillas and they don’t move as fast as say, lions. You’ll be glad that you shot a video of this once-in-a-lifetime moment.



7. Practise gorilla etiquette

Don’t forget that you’re encountering mountain gorillas in their habitat – this is not a zoo experience. Respect them, their environment and their behaviour and know that you’re a guest in their world. Having said that, don’t worry about being attacked! Gorillas are not as aggressive as popular culture has made them out to be. While they’re huge (silverbacks can be over 200 kgs) and powerful, gorillas on the whole are gentle and shy creatures. There has never been an incident of a habituated gorilla attacking a tourist. These habituated groups see tourists every single day, so they’re pretty used to us.

Your tracking guide will tell you more about how to behave when you’re in the presence of gorillas but here are some things to keep in mind:

  • When you approach gorillas, and while you’re around them, make a grunting sound (your guide will show you how) to reassure them that you are a friend. They may even communicate with you!
  • Don’t stare straight into gorillas’ eyes – this can be seen to be aggressive.
  • Don’t ever run from a gorilla – if one approaches you just act submissive and crouch down.
  • Don’t go gorilla tracking if you’re sick – gorillas are susceptible to human illnesses, and if one gorilla in the group catches flu from you, then the entire group could die.
  • If you sneeze or cough, turn your head away from the gorillas so as not to spread your germs.
  • Don’t eat or drink in front of gorillas.
  • You get very close to the gorillas – within a few metres. Don’t push this though – don’t try and get too close.
Coming face-to-face with a silverback mountain gorilla in Rwanda


8. Go gorilla tracking in dry season

While you can go gorilla tracking in Rwanda year-round, the best time to go is in the dry season, which is from June to September. During the dry season, the ground is drier and dirt roads more accessible. I went in August, and while it didn’t rain hard, it did rain every day and the hiking paths were muddy and slippery. I can imagine that during rainy season it’s much more challenging to hike in the Volcanoes National Park.


9. Make the most of your one hour

You are only allowed one hour with gorillas. This is so that gorilla groups don’t get stressed by too much contact with tourists (to be honest, more than an hour with a bunch of ogling camera-toting tourists would be enough for me, too). Make the most of the hour! It goes by so fast – it really was the shortest hour of my life. While you’ll want to take a thousand photos and shoot video, you also need to take time to just appreciate being in the presence of these animals, without viewing them through your camera.

Apparently, somehow gorillas know when their hour with you is up and they can start changing their behaviour. We were very close to a silverback as our hour had almost ended, and I definitely got a feeling from him that he knew it was up – he plonked himself down on a thicket of nettles, crossed his arms, and looked at us slightly grumpily as if to say ‘Ok, you’ve had your hour of taking photos, now it’s time for you to leave so I can nap in peace.’



10. Read/watch Gorillas in the Mist before you go

The week before I left for Rwanda I rented Gorillas in the Mist, about Dian Fossey’s experience of living with and studying mountain gorillas in the DRC and Rwanda. The film was shot in Rwanda, so you can excited for the beautiful landscapes before you arrive in the country, and get extremely excited about being able to see mountain gorillas (although don’t expect them to hold your hand like they do in the movie with Dian). I wish I had also read Gorillas in the Mist before I’d gone on my gorilla tracking trip – I only read it after my return – it’s a fascinating account of mountain gorillas, with so much more interesting information about Dian Fossey’s studies than the movie.


More of my photos from my gorilla tracking trip in Rwanda.


I went to Rwanda on a package trip with Getaway Travel. A four-day package to Rwanda, including flights, accommodation and the $750 gorilla permit is R31 614. For more on the trip, and to book for next year click here.

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  • Neil McDonald (Australia)

    A pretty good article but a quite unrealistic comment re: “take 3 camera bodies” !!! How many people would have more than one camera body? Not your average tourist that’s for sure!!
    I have two and I am a serious amateur photographer but three!!! That is a ridiculous comment to expect people to have three SLR bodies in their back pack and to handle and rotate all of those while viewing gorillas!!! A more realistic comment would be for those who have SLR camera bodies to take a versatile lens such as an 18-250mm (or similar focal range) which will cover all options mentioned by the writer. I have a Tamron 18-250mm which is a great versatile lens for hikes and allows a decent zoom for wildlife as well as a nice wide range for scenic shots. This is definately a better and less expensive option than buying three SLR bodies, three different lenses and lugging them up the mountain!!

    • Sarah Duff

      HI Neil,
      I actually know a lot of amateur (and professional) photographers who have more than 2 camera bodies. I lugged 3 camera bodies up the mountain, and I’m glad I did – it was worth it for the photos I got. Obviously if you don’t have 3 camera bodies, then you need to take whatever you do have, even if it’s a point and shoot (which I mention).

    • Byron

      Hire them. Easy. It’s gorilla trekking after all, not a yearly holiday.

  • Doris

    Thank you Sarah for the tips and insight which I thoroughly enjoyed! Love reading your blogs!!!

    • Sarah Duff

      Thanks for your comment Doris! Hope I inspired you to put gorilla tracking in Rwanda on your bucket list 🙂

  • Volcanoes national park is the best place for gorilla trekking. The Gorilla seekers mostly visit this place for entertainment.

  • clover

    Hi Sarah / Getaway team.

    I am going to be in Rwanda at the end of Feb / beginning of March 2013 working with Operation Smile. A couple of us are very to spend a few days after that going gorilla tracking. As we will already be there, are there any tour operators / agents / accommodation options you would (or wouldn’t!!) recommend?

    Any advice appreciated… thanks

  • Yah, you have to follow the rules of the jungle told to you during briefing before starting gorilla tracking. Thanks for the post

  • Hello Sarah Duff, it’s a good post. I like your post. 10 tips for mountain gorilla tracking in Rwanda are the useful tips for the people who wants to plan to take a tour to Rwanda safari. Thank you.

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  • You indicate that the price of a gorilla trekking permit is set to rise to $ 1000. Just to let you know that the tourism board is not planning to change the cost of a gorilla permit. It is still at $ 750. Thank you for the nice post.

  • Venice Maurer

    Thank you for a wonderful post. This is at the top of my bucket list and I am training to get fit before I take this on next year. Love your blog and your tips. I am planning this trip with my hubby and son. So we can each carry a different camera and lens and video cam.

  • Great post! thank you for mentioning “making the best of your one hour” its such a short time to spend it taking photos of the gorillas instead of enjoying this magical moment. Thanks for the post

  • Liz

    Hi we are going in January 2017. Still confused regarding what sort of trousers to wear? Some say thick trousers to protect from stings, others say that if we get wet these will be awful..I have long waterproof socks and have gaiters, a cagoul in case of a shower and gloves…so would you recommend leggings with waterproof trousers over, jeans or just light weight polycotton trousers..or maybe something else? Advice gratefully received Liz

    • Kathy

      Going a month after you. What trousers worked for you?

  • This post is wonderful. Thank you for saving time and post something about a great experience.